Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar and insulin levels. Your pancreas either produces too little or no insulin or your body reacts improperly to insulin.
There are three types of diabetes:
Type I diabetes
This condition, typically diagnosed during childhood, occurs when the body doesn’t produce insulin.
Type II diabetes
With this condition, your body doesn’t use insulin correctly and eventually decreases insulin production.
This form of the disease develops during pregnancy.
If Dr. Feliz-Cruz suspects Type I or Type II diabetes, she orders blood tests to check your blood glucose levels. For Type I & II diabetes, she uses a fasting plasma glucose or hemoglobin A1c tests.
You may have to take the oral glucose tolerance test to determine if your blood glucose levels are high during pregnancy.
To confirm the diagnosis, Dr. Feliz-Cruz may order a duplicate test on a separate day. If your blood glucose levels test high again, then she can make a diagnosis.
Dr. Feliz-Cruz personalizes your treatment plan according to the severity of your disease and your personal preferences.
The goal of diabetes treatment is to keep your blood sugar levels within a target range. People with diabetes usually check their blood sugar levels throughout the day with a glucometer, so they know if they’re staying within their goal range.
If you have Type I diabetes, Dr. Feliz-Cruz provides you with insulin injections or an insulin pump to give your body the insulin it needs to process glucose. Some people with Type II diabetes manage their blood sugar levels with diet and exercise alone. Others need oral medication or insulin to keep their levels in check.
Diet and meal timing are important considerations for your treatment plan. You can work with Dr. Feliz-Cruz to eat proper foods and time meals right. Certain foods cause significant blood sugar or insulin imbalances and surges, and your health care professionals can help you prevent that from happening.
Your treatment team can also contribute to making adjustments to your medication based on what you eat and how much you exercise. If you need ongoing care for your diabetes, Dr. Feliz-Cruz is your go-to person for chronic disease management. Call or book an appointment online today to get started.